Bayer’s Rivaroxaban Meets Primary Endpoint in Long-Term Phase III EINSTEIN-DVT Study
- Rivaroxaban shows superiority to standard therapy in net clinical benefit, a secondary endpoint of the study
- Rivaroxaban well tolerated in this long-term trial
- Full data set to be presented at Hot Line Session at ESC 2010
Aug 4th, 2010 - Berlin, Germany – Bayer today announced that a novel, convenient single-drug treatment approach with oral rivaroxaban met the primary efficacy endpoint of non-inferiority in the EINSTEIN-DVT Phase III clinical trial and showed an overall relative risk reduction compared to the current standard therapy in the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) – initial enoxaparin treatment, followed by a vitamin K antagonist. The primary efficacy outcome in this non-inferiority trial involving more than 3,400 patients was the cumulative incidence of symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism (non-fatal or fatal).
Compared to standard therapy rivaroxaban conveyed a significantly improved net clinical benefit, a pre-specified secondary outcome defined as the composite of the primary efficacy endpoint plus major bleeding.
“The results of this study confirm that the novel, convenient single drug treatment approach with rivaroxaban could replace the current standard therapy in the treatment of patients suffering from deep vein thrombosis,” said Kemal Malik, M.D., member of the Executive Committee of Bayer HealthCare and Chief Medical Officer.
Rivaroxaban was well tolerated and the rate for the composite of major and clinically relevant non-major bleeding, the primary safety outcome of the study, was similar to current standard therapy. Overall safety findings in this long-term trial are in line with existing clinical data and once again confirm the good benefit/risk profile for rivaroxaban.
The full data set from the Phase III EINSTEIN-DVT study will be presented at the Hot Line Session on August 31, 2010, 11:00-12:30 CET, at the Annual Meeting of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in Stockholm, Sweden, by lead investigator Harry R. Buller, MD, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
About the EINSTEIN Clinical Trial Program
EINSTEIN is a global clinical development program composed of three clinical studies in more than 8,000 patients: EINSTEIN-DVT, EINSTEIN-PE and EINSTEIN-Extension. Two of these studies enrolled patients with acute, symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (EINSTEIN-DVT) or pulmonary embolism (EINSTEIN-PE). In these two trials, patients received oral rivaroxaban 15 mg twice-daily for the first three weeks, followed by oral rivaroxaban 20 mg once-daily, compared with initial enoxaparin treatment followed by a vitamin K antagonist.
The multinational Phase III EINSTEIN-DVT study investigated a new single-drug approach with rivaroxaban compared with standard therapy in a randomized, open-label, assessor-blind, non-inferiority study involving more than 3,400 patients with acute symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT), but without any symptoms of pulmonary embolism (PE). Standard therapy for venous thromboembolism, including DVT, currently includes two compounds: low molecular weight heparin administered by subcutaneous injection, followed by a vitamin K antagonist, which requires regular monitoring of the prothrombin time, reported as the International Normalized Ratio (INR), for safety.
Patients received either oral rivaroxaban or body weight-adjusted enoxaparin followed by warfarin or acenocoumarol, dose adjusted to maintain a therapeutic INR (target 2.5, range 2.0-3.0), for 3, 6 or 12 months, based on the physician’s assessment at baseline. The primary efficacy outcome of EINSTEIN-DVT is the cumulative incidence of symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE), non-fatal or fatal pulmonary embolism (PE). The principal safety outcome is the composite of major and clinically relevant non-major bleeding.
The third study, EINSTEIN-Extension, compared the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban to placebo in the secondary prevention of recurrent symptomatic venous blood clots by extending preventative treatment by 6 or 12 months beyond a previously completed regimen of 6 or 12 months of therapy, and enrolled approximately 1,200 patients with symptomatic DVT or PE. The results of the Phase III EINSTEIN-Extension study were presented in December 2009 at the 51st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) in New Orleans (USA). The data demonstrated that oral rivaroxaban 20 mg once-daily significantly reduced the risk of recurrent symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) by 82 % compared to placebo in patients who had been treated for a previous deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). The rate of major bleeding was low.
Rivaroxaban is a novel oral anticoagulant that was invented in Bayer Schering Pharma’s Wuppertal laboratories in Germany, and is being jointly developed by Bayer HealthCare and Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C. In clinical studies, rivaroxaban has been shown to be effective in preventing VTE in adult patients following elective hip or knee replacement surgery. It has a rapid onset of action with a predictable dose response and high bioavailability, no requirement for coagulation monitoring, as well as a limited potential for food and drug interactions. Rivaroxaban is marketed under the brand name Xarelto® for VTE prevention in adult patients following elective hip or knee replacement surgery, and it is the only new oral anticoagulant that has consistently demonstrated superior efficacy over enoxaparin for this indication. Xarelto is approved in more than 100 countries worldwide and has been successfully launched in more than 75 countries by Bayer Schering Pharma achieving the market leader position among the new oral anticoagulants.
The extensive clinical trial program supporting rivaroxaban makes it the most studied oral, direct Factor Xa inhibitor in the world today. More than 65,000 patients are expected to be enrolled into the rivaroxaban clinical development program, which will evaluate the product in the prevention and treatment of a broad range of acute and chronic blood-clotting disorders, including stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, secondary prevention of acute coronary syndrome, and VTE prevention in hospitalized, medically ill patients.
About Bayer Schering Pharma
Bayer Schering Pharma is a worldwide leading specialty pharmaceutical company. Its research and business activities are focused on the following areas: Diagnostic Imaging, General Medicine, Specialty Medicine and Women's Healthcare. With innovative products, Bayer Schering Pharma aims for leading positions in specialized markets worldwide. Using new ideas, Bayer Schering Pharma aims to make a contribution to medical progress and strives to improve the quality of life. Find more information at www.bayerscheringpharma.de.
Astrid Kranz, Tel.: +49 30-468-12057
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- The ability of a drug to produce the desired effect.
- Relative Risk Reduction
- Proportion of the control group experiencing a given outcome minus the proportion of the treatment group experiencing the outcome, divided by the proportion of the control group experiencing the outcome.
- Formation of a clot inside a blood vessel.
- Venous thromboembolism
- A disease process beginning with a blood clot occurring within the venous system, including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
- International Normalized Ratio
- A system for assessing the clotting tendency of blood in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy. For patients with atrial fibrillation, the recommended target INR range is between 2 and 3. If the INR is higher than 3, patients are at risk of serious bleeding. If the INR is less than 2, patients are at risk of a blood clotting event.
- Low molecular weight heparin
- An anticoagulant used to prevent new clots forming and existing clots from getting larger. It is injected subcutaneously (under the skin).
- Inactive version of thrombin, the enzyme in the coagulation cascade that promotes the formation of blood clots. Factor Xa stimulates the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin.
- Introduced beneath the skin.
- Deep vein thrombosis
- A blood clot in a deep vein, usually resulting from damage to the vein or blood flow slowing down or stopping. Usually DVTs are found in the leg, but can also be in the arm. Distal DVTs are found in deep veins of the calf, and are the most common type of DVT. Proximal DVTs are found in the legs above the calf muscle up to the waist.
- Pulmonary embolism
- A potentially fatal condition caused by a blood clot blocking a vessel in the lung: usually the clot originates from a DVT in the legs. PE can result in permanent lung damage.
- Acute coronary syndrome
- An umbrella term used to cover any group of clinical symptoms compatible with an acute heart attack. The subtypes of acute coronary syndrome include unstable angina (in which the heart muscle is not damaged), and two forms of heart attack in which the heart muscle is damaged. These latter types are named according to the appearance of the electrocardiogram as non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
- Atrial fibrillation
- A heart rhythm disorder where chambers in the upper heart (atria) beat more rapidly than those in the lower section of the heart. Blood is not pumped out of the upper chambers completely during beating, and may pool and form a clot. A stroke results if a section of clot dislodges from the upper chambers and becomes lodged in the brain.
- Factor Xa
- Pivotal component of blood clotting cascade. Stimulates the production of thrombin, the enzyme in the coagulation cascade that promotes the formation of blood clots.